Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany have sequenced 60% of the Neanderthal genome and found that neanderthals and modern humans share DNA, proving that the two species interbred at some point in the past.
Scientists compared 40,000 year-old Neanderthal bone DNA with samples from modern residents of southern Africa, West Africa, Papua New Guinea, China, and one French person. Some shared as much as 1% – 4% of the Neanderthal genome, “except the French guy – he was more like 70%”.
Neanderthals and the French apparently have much in common, such as bathing habits, underarm hair, cynical political beliefs, and a strong dislike for just about everyone.
“And those rich sauces” said ancient-DNA expert Svante Pääbo of the Institute. “Neanderthals probably died-out because of their diet based on cholesterol and alcohol”